Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford African American Studies Center. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 March 2020

Peña González, Lázaro locked

(1911–1974), Cuban tobacco worker, trade union leader, and Communist political figure,
  • Steve Cushion

Extract

was born in Havana on 29 May 1911. His family struggled financially, forcing him to begin working at the age of 12. Although apprenticed as a cigar roller, he worked sporadically because the depressed nature of the tobacco industry left him frequently unemployed. He was involved in trade union politics from an early age, and in 1929 he joined the Communist Party, where he was elected to the Central Committee in 1934. During the dictatorship of Gerardo Machado (1925–1933), he spent seventy days in prison for his role in a tobacco workers’ strike in 1932. Peña quickly rose to prominence, and he gave the closing address at the clandestine Second National Sugar Workers’ Congress in Camagüey in June 1933.

Peña was a union activist across the trades, and following the fall of the Machado regime in 1933 he was elected general secretary of ...

A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography.

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Access to the full content requires a subscription