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date: 20 October 2020

Barón, Juan locked

(?–1805),
  • Eric Paul Roorda

Extract

a military leader in colonial Santo Domingo, allied with France to oppose two incursions by forces of the incipient Republic of Haiti, in 1802 and 1805. Viewed through the lens of pan-African solidarity discourses, which came much later, Barón has become a conflicted figure in the colonial history of what came to be the Dominican Republic, in that he was a free man of color who fought against Toussaint Louverture (who abolished slavery), and for Napoleon Bonaparte (who reinstated it). His date and place of birth are unknown, as are the circumstances of his early life, but it is certain that he reached the rank of colonel and was in command of the Spanish garrison in Santo Domingo by 1801.

In January 1801 Toussaint Louverture leader of the ongoing Haitian Revolution in the neighboring French colony of Saint Domingue entered the Spanish colony with his army fulfilling ...

A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography.

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