Norton de Matos, José Mendes Ribeiro
- Todd Cleveland
Portuguese governor general of Angola, was born on 23 March 1867 in the town of Ponte de Lima in northern Portugal. He came of age during Portugal’s waning constitutional monarchy and from 1890, when that political system entered crisis, until its fall in 1910 Norton de Matos served as a professional soldier with a colonial career in Asia including Portuguese India and Macau It was under Portugal s liberal First Republic 1910 1926 however that Norton de Matos reached the pinnacle of his colonial career and political power Serving twice as Portugal s chief governing officer in Angola as a cabinet officer on several occasions and as Portugal s ambassador to Britain he achieved fame but also suffered as a result of the Republic s financial weakness and administrative instability Norton de Matos was a leading figure as a staunch Republican and leading Mason during this unstable period ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of African Biography.