- Jeremy Rich
pope, was born somewhere in North Africa, probably in the mid-third century CE. Little is known of his background. His name is also given as “Melchiades.” He must have belonged to the vibrant North African church community that would later include Augustine of Hippo. Miltiades endured the brutal persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian, but it is unclear how he survived them or if they had any personal consequences for him. He was described in the Liber Pontificalis chronicle of the early Roman church as a member of a certain Marcellinus s clergy Early church historian Eusebius of Caesarea contended that Miltiades reigned as pope for four years though some sources indicate three or so What is clear is that his short tenure as bishop of the Roman Christian community came at a dramatic time He was elected bishop around 310 just as Roman military leader Constantine was battling ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of African Biography.