- Duane W. Roller
was the Hellenized (that is, Greek-influenced) king of Numidia, the North African region south and west of Carthage. He was descended from a famous line of indigenous kings, which included Massinissa, his great-great-grandfather, and Jurgurtha, his great-uncle. By the time of Juba I, Numidia had had a long history of involvement with Carthaginian and Roman politics, with a veneer of Hellenization.
Juba first appears in the historical record in 63 BCE when he visited Rome as the agent of his father King Hiempsal II because Roman expansionism had begun to affect Numidia In 146 BCE the Romans had defeated Carthage and had provincialized its territory although some Carthaginian lands had also been given to the Numidian kingdom Yet in the intervening eighty years Roman interests especially mercantile and agricultural ones had encroached on Numidia It was important to King Hiempsal to be closely involved in Rome s activities and thus ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of African Biography.