- Joyce Tyldesley
Egyptian ruler (c. 1473–1458 BCE), was the eldest daughter of Thutmose I, the third king of the New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty, and the consort of her half-brother Thutmose II. Following her husband’s untimely death, she acted as guardian for her stepson Thutmose III, before claiming the throne as a female pharaoh, ruling alongside and completely dominating the young Thutmose. Her reign saw more than twenty years of internal peace, foreign exploration, and monument building. But after her death, her monuments were destroyed and usurped and her rule was omitted from Egypt’s official King Lists.
After a long and successful career as a general Thutmose I was adopted by the heirless king Amenhotep I He may have been a descendant of a collateral branch of the royal family but Thutmose never names his birth father It has been suggested that his consort Queen Ahmose may have been either a daughter or ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of African Biography.