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date: 06 June 2020

Marley, Bob locked

1945–1981 Jamaican singer and songwriter whose name invokes reggae music, the tenets of Rastafarianism, and more broadly, the struggle of the economically and politically oppressed.
  • Eric Bennett

Extract

The first global pop star to emerge from a developing nation, Bob Marley has won fans from nations around the world who share his vision of redemption and freedom and love his innovative blend of American and Caribbean music.

Marley was born Robert Nesta Marley in rural Rhoden Hall in St. Ann Parish, Jamaica. His mother was a Jamaican teenager and his father a middle-aged captain in the West Indian regiment of the British Army. Marley's parents separated when he was six years old, and he moved with his mother to Kingston, joining the wave of rural emigrants that flooded the capital during the 1950s and 1960s. Marley and his mother settled in Trench Town, a west Kingston slum named for the sewer that ran through it.

There, Marley shared quarters with a boy his age named “Bunny” Neville O'Riley Livingston The two made music together fashioning ...

A version of this article originally appeared in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.

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