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date: 01 April 2020

Adams, Sir Grantley Herbert locked

1898–1971 Barbadian labor leader and politician, cofounder of the Barbados Labour Party, first premier of Barbados, and prime minister of the short-lived West Indian Federation.

Extract

Grantley Herbert Adams was born in Government Hill, Barbados, then a British colony. His father, Fitzherbert Adams, was a black man and the head teacher of one of the island's largest primary schools, Saint Giles. His mother, Rosa Frances Adams, was a coloured woman (of mixed African and European descent). By West Indian standards, the Adams family was part of the lower middle class, removed from the endemic poverty that engulfed the disenfranchised black majority.

Like his father, Adams attended Harrisons College, the colony's premier secondary school. In 1919 he won a prestigious island scholarship to Oxford University in England, where he studied law. In England he met intellectuals from the colonized world, many of whom, like himself, had joined the Fabian Society, a socialist movement that supported decolonization and the end of the British Empire. In 1925 Adams returned to Barbados working as a lawyer ...

A version of this article originally appeared in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.

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