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date: 30 March 2020

Crosby, Israel locked

(19 Jan. 1919 – 11 Aug. 1962),
  • Scott Yanow


jazz bassist, was born in Chicago. He first played trumpet when he was 5. Crosby also played trombone and tuba before switching permanently to bass in 1934, when he was 15.

Already a skilled musician, within a year Crosby was working with boogie-woogie pianist Albert Ammons's group in Chicago. He made history on his first two record dates. On 16 November 1935, teaming up with pianist Jess Stacy and drummer Gene Krupa on “Barrelhouse” and “The World Is Waiting for the Sunrise,” Crosby was part of the first piano-bass-drums trio to ever record. Up until that time the bass was not considered essential enough to be included in a trio, which frequently included piano, drums, and either a horn or a rhythm guitar.

On 19 November 1935 Crosby was part of a session led by drummer Gene Krupa and consisting of Benny Goodman and sidemen from ...

A version of this article originally appeared in African American National Biography.

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